The 1948 Genocide-Convention: Raphael Lemkin’s struggle for the ‘law of the world’

On 9 December 1948 the ‘Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide’ was adopted by the General Assembly of the United Nations (UN). Getting the topic onto international agenda and the ratification of the document, however,… Continue reading →

Death Blows Overhead: The Last Transports from Hungary, November 1944

Introduction In the morning of November 6, 1944, a column of civilians set off on the highway stretching westwards from Budapest to Vienna. All of them were Jews, mostly middle-aged and elderly women and men, forcibly mobilised by the Hungarian… Continue reading →

Forced Labourers and the Water Works Camps in the Lublin District

Depicting non-industrial forced labour: The example of water works camps in the Lublin district The photograph depicts a rarely discussed topic in Holocaust historiography: The daily life of Jewish forced labourers in early water works camps (Wasserwirtschaftslager) in the Lublin… Continue reading →

Online Finding Aid on Nazi Camp History

An old finding aid regarding general information on incarceration and persecution sites of the Nazi Regime was published on the EHRI portal in May 2016. The physical finding aid – a card index – had been gradually compiled between the… Continue reading →

Card File of the Jewish Population in the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia

Preserved remnants of registration card files of Jews in the Protectorate Bohemia and Moravia open important questions of the state of Holocaust documentation as well as of the deployment of modern technology in registering and deporting European Jews. This post… Continue reading →

“In the Country of Numbers”: Gerardo Nassau’s unpublished memoir of Sachsenhausen

Preface On the night of 9-10 November 1938, SA and Hitler Youth units took to the streets of Germany and, in plain view, set synagogues on fire, smashed the window fronts of Jewish businesses, attacked Jewish people, and vandalized their… Continue reading →

Murdered on the Verge of Survival: Massacres in the Last Days of the Siege of Budapest, 1945 Part II

Part II: The Profile of the Perpetrators Introduction Part I of the present blog post provided the readers with an overview of one of the last and bloodiest crimes committed by Hungarian extremist Arrow Cross militiamen in Budapest at the… Continue reading →

Alter Ogień Testimony – the earliest testimony in the ŻIH collection

On August 29th, 1944, a group of Holocaust survivors gathered in Lublin to set up the Commission for the History of the Jews. It took place a month after Lublin was liberated from German occupation. The Jews living there had… Continue reading →

Yiddish play manuscript draws attention to early Holocaust commemoration in Finland

In 2005, when I was working at the National Archives of Finland, I was commissioned to do an inventory of archival material found in a cellar of a building owned by the Jewish Community of Helsinki. Amidst thousands of documents,… Continue reading →

Registration Cards: the Holocaust Survivors in Poland

The Origins of the Central File The document presented in this post is one of the nearly 300.000 registration cards used by The Central Committee for the Polish Jews (Centralny Komitet Żydów w Polsce, CKŻP) during the registration of the… Continue reading →

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